Bethlehem Olive Wood, Eastern Orthodox Church Cross pendant. This Eastern Cross includes the left slanting cross and the traditional IC - XC on each arm, the name of Jesus in Greek. The Olive Wood cross necklace measures approximately 1.5" (3.8 CM) in height. Handmade in Bethlehem and includes a black string weave necklace.
Cross Jewelry: Cross jewelry has been worn by Christians since the beginning of Christianity. The cross is the most widely recognized religious symbol of Christianity and represents one of the most significant events in the Bible, namely the crucifixion of Jesus.
Olive Wood Carving in Bethlehem: Olive wood carving began around 4th century CE under Byzantine rule in Bethlehem following the construction of the Church of the Nativity.
Originally Greek Orthodox monks taught local residents how to carve olive wood. The work involves skillful and detailed chiseling of Olive wood and is considered a major source of income for the Christian residents of Bethlehem and the surrounding area.